Who Theorized The Five Stages Of Human Development?

Who is Erik Erikson and what is his theory?

Erikson was a neo-Freudian psychologist who accepted many of the central tenets of Freudian theory but added his own ideas and beliefs.

His theory of psychosocial development is centered on what is known as the epigenetic principle, which proposes that all people go through a series of eight stages..

What are the 5 stages of human development?

Infant Development.Toddler Development.Preschooler Development.Middle Childhood Development.Adolescent Development.Adult Development.

What are the 8 stages of human development?

The 8 Stages of Human DevelopmentStage 1: Trust Versus Mistrust. Hero Images / Getty Images. … Stage 2: Autonomy Versus Shame and Doubt. … Stage 3: Initiative Versus Guilt. … Stage 4: Industry Versus Inferiority. … Stage 5: Identity Versus Confusion. … Stage 6: Intimacy Versus Isolation. … Stage 7: Generativity Versus Stagnation. … Stage 8: Integrity Versus Despair.

What is Erikson’s theory based on?

Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development are based on (and expand upon) Freud’s psychosexual theory. Erikson proposed that we are motivated by the need to achieve competence in certain areas of our lives. … Successful completion of each developmental task results in a sense of competence and a healthy personality.

What are the stages of brain development?

Here are the four cognitive stages of childhood development as identified by Jean Piaget:Sensorimotor Stage: Birth through about 2 years. … Preoperational Stage: Ages 2 through 7. … Concrete Operational Stage: Ages 7 through 11. … Formal Operational Stage: Ages 11 and older.

What are the main components of Freud’s theory?

Freud’s personality theory (1923) saw the psyche structured into three parts (i.e., tripartite), the id, ego and superego, all developing at different stages in our lives.

Who created the stages of development?

Jean PiagetThe stages were named after psychologist and developmental biologist Jean Piaget, who recorded the intellectual development and abilities of infants, children, and teens. Piaget’s four stages of intellectual (or cognitive) development are: Sensorimotor.

Who are the child development theories?

Roughly speaking, these theories can be categorized as emotional, cognitive and moral. Erik Erikson developed the most common theories of emotional development. Jean Piaget developed the most common theories of cognitive development. And, Lawrence Kohlberg developed the dominant theories of moral development.

What are the 4 theories of development?

Four main theories of development: modernization, dependency, world-systems, and globalization.

Is Erikson’s theory used today?

Erikson’s’ work is as relevant today as when he first outlined his original theory, in fact given the modern pressures on society, family and relationships – and the quest for personal development and fulfilment – his ideas are probably more relevant now than ever.

What are the 10 stages of human development?

Periods of DevelopmentPrenatal Development.Infancy and Toddlerhood.Early Childhood.Middle Childhood.Adolescence.Early Adulthood.Middle Adulthood.Late Adulthood.More items…

What age is most crucial for brain development?

Recent brain research indicates that birth to age three are the most important years in a child’s development. Here are some tips to consider during your child’s early years: Be warm, loving, and responsive.

What are the six theories of human development?

These six theories about development that we will discuss from an evolutionary perspective are the Gestalt, psychoanalysis, behaviorism, cognitive psychology, Piaget, and Vygotski.

What are the 5 theories of development?

Child Development: Five Important TheoriesErikson’s Psychosocial Developmental Theory.Bowlby’s Attachment Theory.Freud’s Psychosexual Developmental Theory.Bandura’s Social Learning Theory.Piaget’s Cognitive Developmental Theory.

What are the 7 stages of development?

Overview.Stage 1: Trust vs. Mistrust.Stage 2: Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt.Stage 3: Initiative vs. Guilt.Stage 4: Industry vs. Inferiority.Stage 5: Identity vs. Confusion.Stage 6: Intimacy vs. Isolation.Stage 7: Generativity vs. Stagnation.More items…

How is Freud’s theory used in schools?

Though primarily of historical interest, an understanding of Freudian theory may give classroom teachers insight into the importance of unconscious feelings and drives that motivate some student behavior. … Students learn with greater understanding when they share ideas through conversation, debate, and negotiation.

What is Bandura’s theory?

The social learning theory of Bandura emphasizes the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others. … Because it encompasses attention, memory and motivation, social learning theory spans both cognitive and behavioral frameworks.

What is Sigmund Freud’s theory of child development?

Freud proposed that personality development in childhood takes place during five psychosexual stages, which are the oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital stages. During each stage sexual energy (libido) is expressed in different ways and through different parts of the body.